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Bank of Canada cuts key interest rate for first time in more than four years

The central bank’s key interest rate now stands at 4.75%
bank of canada building ottawa
Wednesday’s rate cut opens a new chapter for the Bank of Canada.

The Bank of Canada marked a major turning point in its fight against inflation on Wednesday (June 5) as it lowered its key interest rate for the first time in more than four years, making it the first central bank in the G7 to cut rates.

Governor Tiff Macklem says the central bank has more confidence inflation is moving closer to its 2% target, citing various indicators that suggest price pressures have retreated.

"If inflation continues to ease, and our confidence that inflation is headed sustainably to the 2% target continues to increase, it is reasonable to expect further cuts to our policy interest rate," Macklem said in remarks prepared for a morning news conference.

"But we are taking our interest rate decisions one meeting at a time."

With the quarter-percentage-point cut, the central bank’s key interest rate now stands at 4.75%.

Macklem and senior deputy governor Carolyn Rogers delivered the news while wearing Edmonton Oilers pins, a nod to the Canadian hockey team heading to the NHL finals later this week. Like the Oilers' ascent to the Stanley Cup finals, the Bank of Canada's rate cut has given Canadians something to cheer for. 

The rate cut Wednesday also opened a new chapter for the Bank of Canada, which has been preoccupied with wrestling inflation down over the last two years.

But as the governor faced questions about the July interest rate decision and whether the central bank will cut again, Macklem urged the room of reporters to be patient. 

"Let's enjoy the moment," he said.

Meanwhile on Parliament Hill, federal Liberals celebrated the news. 

After attending the Liberals' weekly caucus meeting, Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland took the microphone to echo Macklem's comments that the rate cut was a moment to enjoy.

"Canada is the first G7 country where interest rates have been lowered. Our economic plan is working and that is really welcome news for Canada and Canadians," she said. 

Meanwhile, Conservatives were in no celebratory mood as they argued that the rate cut would do little to help Canadians. 

"The NDP-Liberal government cannot declare victory as a result of this tiny rate cut because millions of Canadians continue to suffer as a result of their policies," Tories said in a news release. 

"This rate cut is not a mark of success for Justin Trudeau but rather a reminder that millions of Canadians will be forced to renew their mortgages at much higher rates thanks to his inflationary policies."

With inflation down significantly and the economy stalling, most forecasters believed it was the right time for the central bank to begin lowering borrowing rates.

"This was largely as expected, but I must say, it was not a certainty by any means that the Bank of Canada was going to cut," said Douglas Porter, BMO's chief economist. 

"This is, after all, the first time that the bank has cut with Mr. Macklem as governor."

Canada’s annual inflation rate has steadily declined in recent months, reaching 2.7% in April

The Canadian economy has also weakened under the weight of high interest rates. Economic growth in the first quarter came in lower than forecasters expected, and the unemployment rate has steadily risen, reaching 6.1%t in April.

A quarter-percentage-point rate cut won't turn things around for the economy, but TD's director of economics, James Orlando, said it paves the way for more rate cuts in the coming months.

"It's the start of what's likely going to be an easing cycle for the Bank of Canada. So it's not just about today's cut," Orlando said.

TD expects the Bank of Canada to lower its key interest rate to 4.25% by the end of the year.

The rate decision puts the Bank of Canada ahead of other central banks in the Western world in cutting interest rates, including the U.S. Federal Reserve.

When asked how much the Bank of Canada can diverge from its peers, Macklem said that it doesn't need to walk in lockstep with the Fed.

"There are limits to how far we can diverge from the United States, but we're not close to those limits."

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